Mridangam is a classical double headed percussion instrument of Tamil origin. Along with its ancestor the Mathalam, Mridangam is one of the most ancient of rhythmic instruments. It is commonly referred to as the “King of percussion” instruments. Mridangam is a “Shruthi” percussion instrument, in that it can be tuned to various pitches. The right head is tuned to match the tonic pitch of the vocalist or instrumentalist being accompanied.